Download SRS Terminology
This category includes end-user programs such as word processors, spreadsheets and database software. These programs can't run without an OS and associated system utilities.
CAL (Client Access License)
The companion to a server license, a Client Access License must be in place for every authenticated user on a given network. This license enables client applications on personal computers or workstations to access the server and its program(s) in order to perform operations on the local computer.
This campus-wide licensing programme allows Further and Higher Education institutions to install and use a wide range of Microsoft products for a full calendar year without having to track licenses during the subscription term. The Campus Enrollment (under the Microsoft Campus and School Agreement) will be retired on March 1, 2011 and replaced with the Enrollment for Education Solutions (EES). All universities and libraries of the University System, except the Medical College of Georgia Health Inc., will be participating in the CA/EES during FY11. The term of this agreement is July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011.
Concurrent Licensing, Concurrent Use or Concurrency
This type of license enables a defined number of users to access a piece of software at the same time. For example, if a computer lab purchased 20 concurrent licenses of a particular program, it would allow 20 users to access that software. The 21st person would be blocked from using it until one user logged off. (See also Per Server Licensing.)
Core Client Access License (Core CAL)
Core CAL is a package license from Microsoft that covers basic server components across desktop computers, including Microsoft Windows Server, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft Systems Management Server and Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server. (See also Device CAL and User CAL)
This term describes the use of purchased software products in keeping with software publishers' end-user license agreements.
Like an electronic filing system, databases collect, organize and save information (or data) which can then be retrieved by users as needed using various database "queries" or search techniques.
With a Device CAL, you purchase a CAL for every device that accesses your server, regardless of the number of users who use that device to access the server. Device CALs may make more economic and administrative sense if your instituation has users who share devices. (See also Core CAL and User CAL)
Dual-layer DVD's store data in two separate layers on the disc, which allows for twice as much storage as traditional DVD's. Note: Dual-layer DVD's require DVD drives that are dual-layer capable, as they cannot be read by traditional DVD drives.
End User License Agreement (EULA)
A legal agreement between a customer and a software publisher providing a license to use software according to the publisher's terms and conditions
Enrollment for Education Solutions (EES)
The Microsoft Enrollment for Education Solutions (EES) is an easy, cost-effective offer that provides qualified academic customers a simplified way to acquire Microsoft software and services under a single subscription agreement. EES officially replaced the Microsoft Campus Agreement in March of 2011. All universities and libraries of the University System, except the Medical College of Georgia Health Inc., will be participating in the EES during FY11. The term of this agreement is July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011.
A 25-digit string of numbers and letters that must be entered in order to install many Microsoft programs
The right to install software on one or more computers or servers. The EULA determines how a licensee is entitled to use the software. There are various types of licenses, some of which include concurrent, perpetual and named-user. (See also End User License Agreement (EULA)).
A document received post-purchase that specifies the product licensed and quality of license. Note: SRS no longer ships these certificates, as the packing slip contains this information and validates ownership rights.
Maintenance is purchased in addition to a software license, giving you the right to receive the newest version of the software program for a designated period of time. Maintenance must be purchased at the same time of your original software/license order and will expire one year from the date of purchase. (Also known as Upgrade Protection or Software Assurance.)
The CD or DVD that enables you to install licenses purchased. Media is typically sold separately from the actual license.
Any computer or peripheral device on the network that processes data and has a unique network address.
Per Processor Licensing
A part of Microsoft's licensing program that requires one processor license for every processor within the server being licensed. This type of license is available for the following Microsoft server products: Internet Security & Acceleration (ISA) Server, SQL Server, Host Integration, Commerce, BizTalk, Application Center, Operations Manager and Content Manager.
Per Seat Licensing
With per seat licensing, each user connecting to a licensed server must have a Client Access License (CAL). The CAL also enables access to any other licensed server within the network.
Per Server Licensing
With per server licensing, terms are based on the number of machines hitting the server at one time. In this case, the number of machines allowed to hit the server at once is restricted to the number of CALs owned by the organization. If there are 100 machines within the organization, but only 50 hit the server at any given time, only 50 Client Access Licenses would be needed. (See also Concurrent Licensing)
An illegal installation of a software program, therefore violating a publisher's end user license agreement
Boxed set that includes license with media, license key, and documentation; may be sold in various quantities to cover multiple users
Product Key Codes
Codes used to install purchased software programs, usually included on the license certificate
A text document that may be included in the media provided for installing the software, readme files typically provide additional information that was not included in the official documentation.
This type of license gives you the right to purchase software for multiple locations based on one overarching agreement.
Software Asset Management (SAM)
A process of recording and maintaining software licenses across an organization
A Microsoft maintenance program aimed at business users of Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, and other server and desktop applications. The core premise behind SA is to give users the ability to spread their payments for the software over multiple years, while allowing upgrades to newer versions in that time period. Software assurance includes two years of Open Licensing and one, two or three years of Select Licensing. Software Assurance must be purchased at the same time of your original software/license order; it is automatically included in Enterprise Agreement. (Also known as Maintenance or Upgrade Protection.)
Services used to access applications or data residing on a server
A new version of a software program intended to replace the old version you own. Typically, upgrades are purchased at a discounted cost.
These items can only be used to upgrade existing operating systems. As a result, they may not be used for new installations.
Grants the license holder the right to receive new software version upgrades for a given time period (generally one or two years) for a discounted, prepaid price; Upgrade plans must be purchased at the same time of your original software/license order and will expire on December 31st of each year. (Also known as Maintenance or Software Assurance.)
The person who uses a piece of software by running the application on a computer
With the User CAL, you purchase a CAL for every user who accesses the server to use services such as file storage or printing, regardless of the number of devices they use for that access. Purchasing a User CAL might make more sense if your users need to have roaming access to the network using multiple devices, or from unknown devices, or simply have more devices than users in your organization. (See also Core CAL and Device CAL.)
Volume License Key (VLK)
Usually shortened to "keycode," it is a 25-digit string of numbers and letters that must be entered in order to install many Microsoft programs.